what was one cause of the sepoy rebellion in india?

what was one cause of the sepoy rebellion in india?

what was one cause of the sepoy rebellion in india?,  what caused the sepoy rebellion, Sepoy Rebellion In India, Cause Of Sepoy Rebellion In India.

what was one cause of the sepoy rebellion in india?

This was the first manifestation of organized resistance against the British East India Company.

It started as a revolt of the soldiers of the British East India Company’s army, but it also gained the participation of the people.

Rebellion is known by many names: Sepoy Rebellion (by British historians), Indian Rebellion, Great Rebellion (by Indian historians), Rebellion of 1857, Indian Rebellion and First War of Independence (by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar).

Immediate cause

Soldiers were the immediate cause of the 1857 uprising.

Rumor has it that the cartridges of the new ‘Enfield’ rifles use cow and pig fat.

The soldiers had to open the cartridges by mouth before loading these rifles.

Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them.

Lord Canning attempted to rectify the mistake and the disputed cartridges were withdrawn but this caused unrest in many places.

On March 1857, Mangal Pandey raised his voice against the use of new rifles and attacked his superiors.

April 8, 1857 Mangal Pandey was sentenced to death on Tuesday.

On May 9, 1857, 85 Indian soldiers in Meerut refused to use the new rifle and the protesting soldiers were sentenced to ten years each.

Economic reasons

Farmers and zamindars in rural areas were disturbed by heavy taxes on land and strict methods of tax collection.

A large number of people were unable to repay the loans taken from the moneylenders due to which their generations were losing the old land.

A large number of sepoys were from the peasantry themselves and they had left their families, villages, so the anger of the peasants soon spread among the sepoys as well.

After the Industrial Revolution in England, British manufactured goods entered India which ruined India’s textile industry in particular.

Indian handicraft industries had to compete with the cheap machine-made goods of Britain.

Military reasons

The revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy revolt:

Among the British troops in India, the percentage of Indian soldiers was 87, but they were considered inferior to the British troops.

An Indian soldier was paid less than a European soldier of the same rank.

They were expected to work in areas far from their homes.

In the year 1856, Lord Canning issued a new law stating that any person who would serve in the company’s army could go overseas if needed.

Social and religious reasons

With the expansion of Company rule, the British started treating Indians inhumanely.

A large section of the population was concerned about the rapidly spreading Western civilization in India.

The way of life of the British, other behaviors and industrial inventions had an effect on the social beliefs of the Indians.

An act in 1850 changed the Hindu law of heredity.

Indians who converted to Christianity were promoted.

Those who adhered to the Indian religion were humiliated in every way.

This led people to suspect that the British were planning to convert Indians to Christianity.

Laws abolishing practices such as sati and female feticide and legalizing widow-remarriage were considered a threat to established social order.

Western methods of education were directly challenging the orthodoxy of Hindus as well as Muslims.

Even the beginnings of the railways and the telegraph were viewed with suspicion.